Collage is a pictorial technique in which photographs, handmade papers, advertisements, and other suitable objects are pasted on a flat surface, often ion combination with drawing and painting. The artist can explore ideas, layer thoughts and feelings, advocate concepts, and preserve history with this process. It is basically a personal expression with the artist’s distinct visual vocabulary. Found in all cultures, it wasn’t until mid-1900s that it was considered as “fine art” in the West and a process to explore the subsurface of reality and unconscious.
Monotype is a one-of-a-kind print created by applying ink to a plate and then running the plate through a press to transfer the image onto paper. The artist uses a variety of tools to apply ink and sometimes adds collage effects with transfers, fabric, and other materials. The result is spontaneous and expressive. Used by many European artists as a “proof method,” it became an art form in its own right in America during the 20th century. Monoprint is often synonymous with monotype.
Chine Collé is a French term for a collage method by which thin papers are adhered to a monotype during transfer. It creates overlapping unique texture with color as it is integrated into the print.